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Licinius Macer

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O: Diademed bust of Vejovis hurling thunderbolt R: Minerva with javelin and shield riding quadriga


Silver denarius struck by Licinius Macer in Rome 84 BC. Licinius Macer as moneyer was responsible for production of the Roman coinage

ref.: Licinia 16; sear5 #274; Cr354/1; Syd 732

Gaius Licinius Macer (died 66 BC) was a Roman annalist and politician.


A member of the ancient plebeian clan Licinia, he was tribune in 73 BC. Sallust mentions him agitating for the people's rights.[1] He became praetor in 68 BC, but in 66 BC Cicero succeeded in convicting him of bribery and extortion, upon which Macer committed suicide.[2]


Macer wrote a history of Rome, in 16 books. The work is now lost, but from Livy and Dionysius who both used it, we know that it began with the founding of the city,[3] and that Pyrrhus appeared in Book II. Livy casts doubt on Macer's reliability, suggesting that he misrepresented events in order to glorify the Licinii,[4] but notes that he quotes original sources such as the Linen Rolls.[5] According to Macrobius, he credited Romulus with the introduction of intercalation to the Roman calendar.[6]

See also[edit]



  1. ^ Sallust, Histories, 3.34.
  2. ^ Valerius Maximus, 9.12.7.
  3. ^ For instance, Origo gentis romanae, Chapter 23.
  4. ^ Livy, 7.9.5 Archived 2018-11-30 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Livy, 4.7.12 Archived 2012-09-15 at the Wayback Machine, 4.20.8 , 4.23.2 .
  6. ^ Macrobius, Saturnalia, Book I, Chapter 13, §20